The Anglo-German Naval Agreement was a significant treaty signed between the United Kingdom and Germany in 1935, which allowed Germany to expand its navy.
The agreement was brought about by a number of factors, including Britain`s desire to maintain peace and stability in Europe. The UK and Germany had a long history of tension, particularly surrounding Germany`s naval aspirations. However, despite this tension, the two nations were able to come together and negotiate an agreement that would satisfy both sides.
Under the terms of the agreement, Germany was permitted to build up to 35% of the tonnage of the British Royal Navy. This gave Germany greater naval power than it had previously had, but still ensured that Britain remained the dominant naval power in the region. In return, Germany agreed to limit the size of its navy and to not develop new submarines.
The agreement was controversial at the time, with many in Britain feeling that it gave too much power to Germany. However, the British government believed that it was necessary to maintain peace in Europe and to prevent Germany from becoming too powerful. The agreement was also seen as a way of preventing Germany from aligning itself with the Soviet Union.
Despite the controversy surrounding the agreement, it was successful in preventing a naval arms race between the UK and Germany. It also paved the way for future agreements between the two nations, such as the Munich Agreement in 1938.
Today, the Anglo-German Naval Agreement is seen as an important moment in 20th century European history. It was a rare instance of two nations with a long history of conflict coming together to negotiate a peaceful solution to a contentious issue. It also provides a fascinating insight into the political and diplomatic complexities of the time.